The diplomatic relations between the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation were established on April 3, 1992.
The two countries concluded over 250 interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental treaties and agreements, including Treaty on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance of August 29, 1997.
According to the Declaration on the allied interaction between the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation oriented in the 21st century of September 26, 2000,, the sides confirmed their resoluteness to multiply and strengthen the friendship between the peoples of the two countries through broad alliance of interaction, intensive deepening of contacts in all spheres, ensuring steadfast peace, stability and guaranteed security in the Caucasian region and worldwide.
The first state visit of the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan to the Russian Federation was held on October 23-25, 2011. A range of intergovernmental and interdepartmental documents were signed within the framework of the visit.
The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin paid a state visit to the Republic of Armenia on December 2, 2013. The directions on further development of bilateral interaction, issues on trade and economic and humanitarian cooperation, perspectives of participation of Armenia in integration processes in the Eurasian region were discussed during the visit.
On April 24, 2015 Vladimir Putin paid a visit to Armenia to participate in the events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. During the visit he had negotiations with Serzh Sargsyan.
The interparliamentary relations and contacts on the level of the heads of legislative branch are dynamically developing in the spirit of the Armenian-Russian allied cooperation. The sessions of the Armenian-Russian interparliamentary commission take place alternately in Armenia and Russia twice a year.
The Chairperson of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Valentina Matvienko visited Yerevan with an official visit on November 2-3, 2015.
The Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Sergey Narishkin paid a working visit to Armenia on March 30-31, 2015. Sergey Narishkin was in Yerevan on March 10-11, 2016 to participate in the outgoing session of the Council of the CSTO Parliamentary Assembly.
The official visit of the Chairman of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia Galust Sahakyan to the Russian Federation took place on July 6-7, 2014.
Armenia and Russia have active contacts on the governmental level as well. The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev paid an official visit to Armenia on April 7, 2016. A wide range of issues of the Armenian-Russian allied cooperation was discussed and a row of documents aimed at deepening the strategic partnership was signed. The Prime Ministers issued concluding statements on the results of the negotiations. The President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan received the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation
The Prime Ministers also had meetings in Moscow on April 13, 2016, in Yerevan on May 20, 2016 and in Moscow on November 16, 2016 on the sidelines of the sessions of the Eurasian intergovernmental council.
The interaction between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs is on the level characteristic to the allied and strategic relationship. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the two states meet regularly.
The Foreign Minister of Armenia Edward Nalbandian held negotiations with Sergey Lavrov and the Chairman of the State Duma Sergey Narishkin during his official visit of to the Russian Federation on April 7-8, 2015.
The Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov paid an official visit to the Republic of Armenia on April 22, 2016. President Serzh Sargsyan received Sergey Lavrov during the aforesaid visit Sergey Lavrov also had negotiations with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia Edward Nalbandian.
The Ministers also had meetings in Yerevan on July 4, 2016 and on October 16, 2016 in the frames of the session of the Council of Foreign Ministers and the joint session of the Council of Foreign Ministers, Council of Defense Ministers and the Committee of the Security Councils Secretaries of the Collective Security Treaty Organization member states.
The Foreign Ministers of the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation also met on the margins of the 23rd meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council on December 8, 2016.
Consultations on the issues of mutual interest are held between the foreign ministries on a regular basis.
There are also vibrant contacts between the ministries and regions.
The Armenia-Russia intergovernmental commission on economic cooperation is constantly functioning. The 17th session of the Commission took place in St.Petersburg on July 7-9, 2016.
The Armenian-Russian cooperation in military sphere is aimed at ensuring security of the two states and stability in Transcaucasia. The Russian 102nd military base is dislocated in the territory of Armenia.
The tenth session of the Intergovernmental Commission on Military and Technical Cooperation was held in Yerevan on January 20-22, 2016 and the 11th session – in Rostov-on-Don on September 7-9, 2016.
Within the framework of the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty between the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation on the Status of the Border Troops of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Republic of Armenia and the Conditions of their functioning of September 30, 1992, the Border Service of the Russian Federal Security Service to Armenia jointly with the Armenian border troops provides the protection of the state border of Armenia with Iran and Turkey.
Russia is Armenia’s key foreign trade partner.
In 2015 bilateral turnover comprised USD 1 billion 173 million, which reduced by 18% in comparison with the rates of 2014.
In January-October period of 2016 the turnover reached USD 1 billion 76 million, which is higher by 13.4% in comparison with the corresponding period of 2015.Meanwhile, the export of Armenian products in the mentioned period grew by 52.8%, comprising USD 295 million, import by trade country increased by 8% and by 3.3% by country of origin.
The accumulated volume of investments since 1991 – about USD 4 billion. The Russian main investments characterized by a diversified structure are directed to energy, banking, mining and construction sectors, the realm of communication and information technologies.
Over 70 Russian regions and Armenia’s all marzes are involved in interregional cooperation. The Armenian-Russian interregional forums are held on a regular basis since 2011. The fifth interregional forum took place in Yerevan on November 13-14, 2016.
The Armenian-Russian humanitarian cooperation also keeps developing.
The solemn opening ceremony and consecration of the temple complex of the Russian and New Nakhichevan Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church was held in Moscow on September 17, 2013.
The branch of Moscow State University after M.Lomonosov was inaugurated in Yerevan in 2015. About 3.5 thousand students study in the Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University and 7 branches of Russian universities in Armenia.
Days of Russian culture were held in Armenia / Abovian, Gyumri, Yerevan, Yeghegnadzor and Stepanavan/ from August 20 to September 18, 2016.
The largest Armenian diaspora resides in Russia.
According to the 2010 census held in Russia, more than 1182 thousand Armenians live in the territory of the Russia.
According to various expert researches, the number of the Armenian community in Russia now exceeds 2.5 million. A number of diaspora organizations has been established and continue functioning in Russia. «The Union of Armenians of Russia» is the largest Armenian diaspora organization in the Russian Federation.